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America is energy independent
2019-08-28 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文
下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment阿根廷国家队官方赞助商范文- America is energy independent，供大家参考学习，这篇论文讨论了美国实现能源独立。美国作为世界上最大的化石能源消费国，使得其占有了世界20%以上的能源。传统的能源储备的严重消耗，使得其能源的储备量不断减少。因此美国从提出“能源优先计划”到提出“能源主导”措施，美国政府从尼克松执政到特朗普执政，理念变化的背后也折射出美国能源结构和世界能源需求的重大变化，这也意味着美国已经实现了能源独立。
The United States is the world's largest consumer of fossil fuels, accounting for more than 20 percent of the world's energy. The heavy consumption of traditional energy reserves makes its energy reserves decrease continuously. Therefore, from the "energy first plan" to the "energy leading" measures proposed by the United States, and from the Nixon administration to the trump administration, the change in philosophy also reflects the major changes in the energy structure of the United States and the world's energy demand.
America's goal of energy independence was set in the Nixon era, when oil prices were high and the world was in turmoil. After many governments' improvement and improvement, the energy independence pursued by the American government has been transformed into an independent energy political policy system supported by a complete energy law at the very beginning. In this energy system, the diversity of domestic energy from production to supply is enriched, and the trade deficit in the energy sector is reduced, thus effectively enhancing the economic independence of the country.
During the Nixon administration, the birth of the energy independence plan marked that the United States began to explore the field of energy independence. But as early as in the World War II, due to the impact of the war and the rapid development of the oil industry, the United States has become increasingly dependent on foreign oil sources. At the same time, it has become a growing cancer in the American economy. Fluctuations in international energy prices will inevitably affect the economic level of the United States. In 1973, Opec imposed an oil embargo on the United States through an agreement to cut production. This led to a more than fourfold increase in U.S. oil prices. During the two oil shocks of the 1970s, the United States was stuck with policies that focused on ensuring the price of oil and the smooth flow of production. The Nixon administration took emergency measures to ensure the stability of oil prices mainly by controlling oil prices. This practice was also recognized and followed by the next two administrations. Meanwhile, the us government raised the oil import tariff to reduce the total amount of oil imports and promote the development of the domestic energy industry.
With the lifting of the energy crisis, the government's forced intervention in the energy sector broke the original healthy ecological balance in the oil and energy sector, derailed the national energy market from the international energy market, and greatly increased the domestic production cost of the United States. In order to change the status quo, the Reagan administration reformed the original energy policy. He advocated the private-dominated supply and lifted some of the original energy bans to weaken the government's intervention in the energy sector. After 1981, under the stimulus of the new energy policy, the domestic oil price in the United States dropped by 50%, but on the other hand, it also stimulated the increase of the total amount of imports from abroad.
In the 1990s, the environmental problems caused by energy problems and the excessive dependence of national energy on import and export trade all appeared. The U.S. government has issued a national energy strategy, which calls the original emergency response plan a healthier, more efficient and more scientific long-term plan. During the bush administration, the development of enterprises centered on energy development was included in the macro plan of the general economy. After the financial crisis, the Obama administration has made economic development in the energy sector the main driving force for economic recovery. The American economic recovery and investment act signed by the Obama administration in 2009 further increased the amount of investment in new energy development and preferential policies in related development and application fields. With the accumulation and development over the years, the national energy production capacity of the United States is growing, and the trend of energy independence is becoming more and more obvious.
Since 1971, the trade of goods in the United States has been gradually converted from surplus to deficit, and the energy deficit accounts for a large part and has an increasing trend. Since the 1990s, the us trade deficit and energy deficit have maintained a high degree of consistency, so it can be seen that adjusting the trade deficit in the energy sector can effectively control the government's trade deficit.
America's energy sector accounts for 20% of the world's total consumption, but its reserves of natural gas, oil and other conventional sources account for about 3% of the world's total. In the face of this energy gap and huge consumer demand, the only way to achieve the independence of the energy sector is to rely on the development and utilization of new energy. Among them, renewable energy and clean energy become the ideal alternatives in people's eyes. It can be seen that the development and utilization of new energy will become increasingly important. As Obama said, "the leader of the clean energy economy will be the nation that leads the global economy."
The development of new energy is closely dependent on the consumption level of the new energy market. As the country with the largest car ownership in the world and the most advanced highway and traffic management system, the United States accounts for about 70% of the oil. The development of new energy vehicles can effectively reduce the consumption of oil, thus opening up a wide range of new energy consumption market.
China's emergency from the original state of rapid development into a new normal, in the field of energy consumption demand is growing, China's oil consumption level in the past five years with an annual growth rate of 5% gradually increased, now has reached the world consumption level of 12.4%. On the one hand, China first stores less than 2% of the world's energy, and most energy storage areas have harsh natural environment, great difficulty in mining and high cost of mining, so it is necessary to break the bottleneck of exploration technology, in order to improve the proportion of local energy production and supply. On the other hand, efforts should be focused on the development of new energy, the development of clean, renewable new alternative energy to become our party urgent.
The huge energy consumption market of the United States has become its primary power to search for new energy and develop new energy. The path of energy exploration is not only the inevitable choice of history but also an effective way to solve the energy problems faced at the present stage. China is expected to overtake the United States as the world's largest oil consumer after 2030 and overtake Russia as the world's largest gas consumer after 2025. Faced with huge energy shortage and increasing energy imports, it is urgent to improve the output supply of China's local energy and reduce the vulnerability of China's economic development. However, energy is a long-term strategic problem that cannot be solved overnight. Therefore, to specify relevant plans and effective policies and strategies based on energy independence and improve relevant legal systems become the basis for specifying long-term development plans.